Malnutrition leads to infections like diarrheal diseases, which is the main cause of serious kidney malfunctions among children. In fact, pregnancy conditions like pre-eclampsia and low birth weight can increase the risk of kidney disease in children, according to an article by the World Health Organization.
The best pediatric nephrologist in Bangalore, however, says that renal failure can be reversed with the right treatment. Here’s some useful information about the main causes of kidney disease in children.
Urinary Tract Infections
When bacteria get inside the urinary tract, infections can develop in infants and older children. The urinary system consists of the kidneys, ureter and bladder. But only when the bladder is affected, the condition is called cystitis. In case, the kidney is also involved, a more serious infection can cause damage by scarring. Some toddlers or infants experience loose bowel movements and frequent vomiting. Other children might experience persistent fever and abdominal pain.
A few common birth defects in children are:
Good news is that these conditions do not cause severe health issues. However, you should consult a pediatric nephrologist in Bangalore to mitigate any chances of infection.
Many children are born a condition that can block or narrow down the urethra. This stops the urine from flowing out, leading to infections and discomfort. The main causes of kidney disease are usually linked to urinary tract problems. Blockages can be treated surgically. Otherwise, additional surgery and long-term medication might be prescribed.
Children in the age group of 6 months to 5 years tend to be affected by this condition. Low protein levels in the blood, excessive protein in the urine and swollen hands and legs indicate this syndrome. Nephrotic syndrome usually occurs when the kidney filters malfunction. Boys are twice as prone to the condition as girls. However, by the time the child reaches their teenage years, the syndrome tends to be cured completely.
High blood glucose levels can lead to diabetic nephropathy over time. If type 1 and type 2 diabetes are not controlled, sugar keeps accumulating the blood. High sugar levels can affect the glomeruli responsible for purifying your blood. A few common signs of diabetes are excessive thirst and hunger, blurry eyesight, cranky behaviour and getting tired easily. When these symptoms become noticeable, immediately consult the doctor.
As surprising as it sounds, severe trauma can actually injure kidneys. This happens because the blood sugar drops and the organs stop working. Additionally, physical trauma, like bleeding or surgery, can damage the kidneys. Dialysis is carried out to maintain the blood flow and stabilize the pressure.
Most treatment plans include medication, dietary changes and surgery. Make sure you get in touch with the best pediatric nephrologist, like those in Bangalore, for best results.
Write something about yourself. No need to be fancy, just an overview.